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堆历 | 在泰国,补习班也很火

作者:Primproud 发布时间:

堆历 | 在泰国,补习班也很火

作者:Primproud 发布时间:

摘要:在泰国,每个星期天,我看到成群的父母聚集在各个培训机构外,等待着他们四到五岁的孩子。因为,父母们相信这样可以帮助孩子考进顶尖的小学。

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今天,来信人是泰国姑娘Primproud Sarasin。跟很多人一样,她也在为学生们日益增多的补习感到不安,同时也期望学校教育可以做得更好。

一起来听听她对教育的心声:

从幼儿园到高中,上补习班已经成为泰国学生学习生活的一部分。每个星期天,我看到成群的父母聚集在各个培训机构外,等待着他们四到五岁的孩子。因为,父母们相信这样可以帮助孩子考进顶尖的小学。周末时间,这些小朋友本应在外面开心地玩耍,而不是被困在一个正正方方的教室里埋头学习。我为他们感到遗憾。

大多数高中生也是如此,他们的周末也不能拿来玩耍。不管愿不愿意,他们都会把周末时间花在辅导班上,希望能提高成绩,并在高考中获得高分。有时,学生们更看重这些课外补习而不是正式课堂,甚至逃课去参加补习。我在高中时报名的补习班,是坐在教室里,看老师的讲课视频。

我认为,这种说明式的补习仅仅是为学生提供考试技巧,帮助学生“记忆”那些考试重点,而不是教会学生如何了解一门知识。同时,补习班也没有为学生提供讨论解惑的空间。

有些人声称,学生在学校没有学到很多东西。对此,我不想责怪任何人……但我想强调的是,正规课堂对孩子的教育仍然很重要。学习不是背考点和方程式。我坚信,一个理想的课堂可以让学生投入到真正的学习中。对于教育工作者来说,能够组织激发学生思考的活动也是很重要的。

尽管大多数课堂存在人数过多的情况,但仍然有不同的方法让课堂变得更有效率。例如,数字媒体的运用可以使学习环境更加有活力,比如有趣的小游戏、小视频等。教师应该积极探索和充分利用现有的数字媒体资料 。此外,我希望除了必需的科目之外,一个理想的课程体系应该允许每个学生深入地探索他们感兴趣的领域 。除此之外,学校也是学生学习行为和与他人互动的地方。因此,学校也应尽可能地促进社交互动。最后,评价系统应该更多元化,能帮助学生反映他们学识,而不仅仅是事实记忆。

我坚信,通过创建这样的理想课堂,可以改变目前的教育现状,凸显学校教育的重要性。

In my country, taking a tutorial class becomes a part of students’ habits since kindergarten to high school level. When I was in my hometown, every Sunday, I saw groups of parents waiting for their 4-5 year-old children who are studying a group tutorial class. The parents believe that this private class help prepare their kids to take an entrance examination for prestigious elementary schools. I feel unfortunate for these young children as weekends should be their play time rather than the time they have to spend in a square room to study very hard.  

In the same way as most high school students, their weekends are not for having fun. Instead, they devote their time (voluntarily and unwillingly) in private tutorial schools aiming to get a better score in class as well as high score on their university entrance examination. Sometimes, they value these programs more than a formal classroom by choosing to skip a regular class to attend a tutorial session. I took one tutorial course when I was in my high school—sitting in a class and watching video of the instructor speaking. I would say that it was an informative session that provided tips and a ready-made guide that helps students to ‘memorize’ key points for the exams, rather than learning to understand about a particular topic. The session did not offer spaces for students to discuss nor ask questions.

Some people claimed that students do not learn much in schools. I would not blame anyone on this… But I would like to emphasize that a regular classroom is still significant to children’s education. Learning is much more than just remembering facts and formulas for the tests. I always believe that the ideal classroom should provide an opportunity for students to engage in genuine contexts. It is also important for educators to promote activities that help foster students to think. 

Although most class size can be large, there are many ways to design effective classes. For example, digital media can help providing more vibrant learning environments by creating fun games or showing video clips that relate to lessons. Teachers should explore and make the most use of the existing media. Moreover, I am hoping that apart from the required subjects, the ideal curriculum should allow each student to explore deeply in the areas that each of them is interested in. Besides that, school is also a place where students learn to behave and interact with others. Therefore, the class should stimulate social interactions as much as possible. Finally, the assessments should vary, not just questions of fact. It should include the type of assessment that help students reflect their perspectives.

It is possible to create this ideal classroom and I truly believe that it can make a difference. Also, I am convinced that this class would highlight the importance of classrooms in schools. 

你有教育故事或教育观点与大家分享吗?

欢迎来信:lei.peng@jmdedu.com.

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